Quick Answer: What Foods To Avoid If You Have Polycythemia?

What increases red blood cells?

Eating an iron-rich diet can increase your body’s production of RBCs.

Iron-rich foods include: red meat, such as beef.

organ meat, such as kidney and liver..

What can polycythemia lead to?

In rare cases, polycythemia vera can lead to other blood diseases, including a progressive disorder in which bone marrow is replaced with scar tissue, a condition in which stem cells don’t mature or function properly, or cancer of the blood and bone marrow (acute leukemia).

How can you tell if a person has polycythemia?

The signs and symptoms of PV include:Headaches, dizziness, and weakness.Shortness of breath and problems breathing while lying down.Feelings of pressure or fullness on the left side of the abdomen due to an enlarged spleen (an organ in the abdomen)Double or blurred vision and blind spots.More items…

How long can you live with polycythemia?

Depending on a wide range of factors, current life expectancy has been shown to be close to 20 years from the time of diagnosis. Age, overall health, blood cell counts, response to treatment, genetics, and lifestyle choices, such as smoking, all have an impact on the course of the disease and its long-term outlook.

How is polycythemia treated?

Your doctor may prescribe medicines to keep your bone marrow from making too many red blood cells. Examples of these medicines include hydroxyurea and interferon-alpha. Hydroxyurea is a medicine generally used to treat cancer. This medicine can reduce the number of red blood cells and platelets in your blood.

How often do you need phlebotomy for polycythemia?

Because phlebotomy is the most efficient method of lowering the hemoglobin and hematocrit levels to the reference range, all newly diagnosed patients are initially phlebotomized to decrease the risk of complications. Patients can be phlebotomized once or twice a week to reduce the hematocrit to less than 45%.

Is there a difference between polycythemia and polycythemia vera?

Absolute polycythemia occurs when more RBCs are produced than normal and their count is truly elevated. Dehydration is a common cause of relative polycythemia. Absolute polycythemia may be primary or secondary. Primary polycythemia (polycythemia vera) is a spontaneous proliferation of RBCs in the bone marrow.

Does thick blood make you tired?

The increase in blood cells makes the blood thicker. Thick blood can lead to strokes or tissue and organ damage. Symptoms include lack of energy (fatigue) or weakness, headaches, dizziness, shortness of breath, visual disturbances, nose bleeds, bleeding gums, heavy menstrual periods, and bruising.

What should I eat if I have polycythemia?

Polycythemia vera diet In general, the diet recommended for people with PV is the same as it is for anyone. Eat well-balanced meals complete with fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, lean protein, and low-fat dairy. Ask your doctor how many calories you should consume each day to maintain a healthy weight.

Will polycythemia vera kill me?

Treatment options Without treatment, around half of all people with symptomatic polycythaemia vera will die in less than two years. There is no cure, but treatment can extend the person’s life span by thinning the blood and reducing the risk of blood clots and other complications.

Can dehydration cause polycythemia?

Relative polycythemia is an apparent rise of the erythrocyte level in the blood; however, the underlying cause is reduced blood plasma (hypovolemia, cf. dehydration). Relative polycythemia is often caused by loss of body fluids, such as through burns, dehydration, and stress.

How can I lower my red blood cell count naturally?

If you have a high RBC count:Exercise to improve heart and lung function.Eat less red meat and iron-rich foods.Avoid iron supplements.Keep yourself well hydrated.Avoid diuretics, including coffee and caffeinated drinks.Stop smoking, especially if you have COPD or pulmonary fibrosis.More items…

Which is a late symptom of polycythemia vera?

Many individuals with polycythemia vera slowly development a variety of general, nonspecific symptoms that are common to many disorders such as headaches, fatigue, weakness, dizziness, excessive sweating especially at night, and itchy skin that, in severe cases, may be worse after taking a shower or a warm bath.

How do I stop polycythemia itching?

One of the most common challenges for people with polycythemia vera (PV) is itching skin….Some options to soothe your itching skin include:Aspirin. Many people with PV take low-dose aspirin daily to thin the blood. … Antihistamines. … Antidepressants. … UV light therapy (phototherapy). … Interferon alfa.

Does polycythemia increase blood pressure?

The overproduction of red blood cells and high hematocrit levels associated with polycythemia vera can contribute to systemic hypertension; high hematocrit levels have been found to interfere with the vasodilatory effects of nitric oxide.

Does polycythemia get worse?

It usually happens during the later stages of the disease. Polycythemia vera treatments help reduce your risk of symptoms and complications. But for some people, the disease still gets worse and turns into another blood cancer, despite treatment.

How can you prevent polycythemia?

If phlebotomy alone doesn’t help enough, your doctor may suggest medications that can reduce the number of red blood cells in your bloodstream….Drugs that reduce the number of red blood cellsHydroxyruea (Droxia, Hydrea)Interferon alfa-2b (Intron A)Ruxolitinib (Jakafi)Busulfan (Busulfex, Myleran)

Can polycythemia go away?

You want to feel better, not worse. Remember that secondary polycythemia is caused by an underlying condition, most of which are well known and have multiple treatment options available. Once the underlying cause is corrected, symptoms of secondary polycythemia usually go away.

Is Polycythemia a disability?

If you suffer from polycythemia vera, which is a serious disease that can result in death, you may be unable to work. In those situations, you may qualify for Social Security disability benefits.

Does aspirin lower red blood cell count?

RESULTS: Acute or chronic doses of aspirin reduced the RBC count, hemoglobin and other red cell indices as compared to controls.

How long does it take for polycythemia to develop?

This disease develops very slowly, usually over many years. Although it can be life-threatening if you don’t get any treatment, most people have a good chance of living a long life when they get the right care. SOURCES: FamilyDoctor.org: “Polycythemia Vera.”